Niju kun

Sensei Gichin Funakoshi's tyve regler, Shoto Niju kun

Karate-do begins and ends with rei Karate-do wa rei ni hajimari rei ni owaru koto a wasaru na
There is no first strike in karate Karate ni sente nashi
Karate stands on the side of justice Karate wa, gi no taske
First know yourself, then know others Mazu onore o shire, shikashite ta o shire
Mentality over technique Gijitsu yori shinjitsu
The mind must be set free Kokoro wa hanatan koto o yosu
Calamity springs from carelessness Waza wai wa ketai ni seizu
Karate goes beyond the dojo Dojo nomino karate to omou na
Karate is a lifelong pursuit Karate-do no shugyo wa issho de aru
Apply the way of karate to all things. Therein lies its beauty Ara yuru mono o karateka seyo; sokoni myomi ari
Karate is like boiling water; without heat, it returns to its tepid state Karate Wa Yu No Gotoku Taezu Netsu O Atae Zareba Motono Mizuni Kaeru
Do not think of winning. Think, rather, of not losing Katsu kangae wa motsuna; makenu kangae wa hitsuyo
Make adjustments according to your opponent Tekki ni yotte tenka seyo
The outcome of a battle depends on how one handles emptiness and fullness (weakness and strength) Tattakai wa kyo-jitsu no soju ikan ni ari
Think of the opponent's hands and feet as swords Hi to no te-ashi wa ken to omoe
When you step beyond your own gate, you face a million enemies Danshi mon o izureba hyakuman no teki ari
Kamae (Ready stance) is for beginners; later, one stands in shizentai (Natural stance) Kamae wa shoshinsha ni atowa shizentai
Perform kata exactly; actual combat is another matter Kata wa tadashiku, jisen wa betsumono
Do not forget the employment of withdrawal of power, the extension or contraction of the body, the swift or leisurely application of technique Chikara no kyojaku tai no shinshuku waza no kankyu
Be constantly mindful, diligent, and resourceful, in your pursuit of the Way Tsune ni shinen ku fu seyo


When Master Funakoshi arrived in Japan (from Okinawa) he was more than 50 years old and his students thought he executed his movements in a relaxed way due to his age. This relaxation is, in fact, fundamental. It is only nowadays that all is done with strength and this is actually a true contradiction.

Furthermore the evolution of competition in Karate is opposed to Karate-do ettiquette. Competition has resulted in the loss of many things in Karate-do.... but possibly, we may not have the right to criticize considering that we practiced it and now we have abandoned it! [Murakami Sensei originally trained in sports karate]. Competition, today, is not the result of practice, rather the result of practice for competition... and this is very different. A specific preparation is not pure practice!

Anyway, I believe that comparing Shotokai with other styles is not possible, because it truly is something completely different. It does not have competition as the objective, rather the liberation of body and spirit.

Tetsuji Murakami (1927 - 1987).

"In our physical movements, there are those that are natural and others that are not. Through the practice of Karate-do, we can learn to differentiate between the two and also learn to acquire natural movements. We also learn of the power that nature endowed us with and how to use it, for a man has a great deal of hidden power of which he is not aware."

Shigeru Egami (1912 - 1981).

Udklip af: Foreword of Karate-Do Nyumon (Bog: Karate-Do Nyumon af Gichin Funakoshi, Dec. 1943)

Often in practicing the advanced kata, students concentrate too much on the order and continuity of the movements, without considering the effectiveness of each technique. In extreme cases, they may have the illusion that they have mastered the kata by simply memorizing the order of the movements. It should be clear that, in reality, one must practice both basic techniques and advanced kata, and that the study of basics takes on a new and deeper meaning after one experiences more complex practice.

In traditional kata such as Bassai, the difference between simply executing the movements in the correct order and performing the kata while taking maai into account is immediately apparent. If one imagines a real opponent and performs the kata while thinking of maai, a blending of hard and soft, quick and slow elements appear quite naturally. Then each movement of the hands and feet takes the shortest possible route.

Genshin [Motonobu] Hironishi (1913 – 1999)

Karate-Dõ er Karatens rigtige brug, udført med den rette forståelse. Den der oprigtigt træner i denne Dõ og virkelig forstår Karate-Dõ bliver aldrig nemt trukket ind i en kamp.

Studerende af enhver kunstart, som klart indbefatter karate-dõ, må aldrig glemme at forædle sind og krop.

At vinde et hundrede sejre i et hundrede slag er ikke den største færdighed. At besejre fjenden, uden at kæmpe, er den største færdighed.

Gichin Funakoshi (1868 - 1957).

Kiai kommer fra mellemgulvet op gennem kroppen, videre til munden og ud i forbindelse med en udånding . . . . . . Faktisk minder det om at hoste.

Karate som selvforsvar går ud på at komme ind på modstanderen, lave en masse ravage, og derefter trække sig tilbage igen. Karate grappling er til backup.

”The karate that has been introduced to Tokyo is actually just a part of the whole. The fact that those who have learnt karate there feel it only consists of kicks & punches, and that throws & locks are only to be found in judo or jujutsu, can only be put down to a lack of understanding … Those who are thinking of the future of karate should have an open mind and strive to study the complete art”

Kenwa Mabuni, 1938