FAQ / OSS

Honbu dojo

... er betegnelsen på organisationens hovedsæde. Det er også her den ledende chefinstruktør holder til.

Hvad betyder Shoto?

"Shoto" var Funakoshi Sensei's kunstner-navn. Han skrev poesi og digte under pseudonymet "Shoto", som betyder "fyrretrækronens susen". Ordet "Shoto" består af to ord, "Sho" som betyder fyrretræ, og "to" som betyder susen.

Hvad er Shotokai?

I 1930 etablerede Gichin Funakoshi organisationen ”Dai-Nihon Karate-do Kenkyukai”, med formålet om at fremme kommunikationen samt informationsudvekslingen mellem studerende af Karate-do.
I 1936 ændres navnet fra ”Dai-Nihon Karate-do Kenkyukai” til ”Dai-Nippon Karate-do Shoto-kai”.

Shotokai er den organisation der stod for bygningen af den første dojo, "Shotokan".

Ordet "kai" betyder "organisation" eller "gruppe". Ordet "Shotokai" betyder således Shoto's Organisation.

Hvad er Shotokan?

Shotokan er navnet på den første dojo der blev bygget i 1939 i Tokyo. Ordet "kan" betyder "hus". Shotokan betyder således Shoto's Hus.
 

Keiko vs Renshu

"Keiko" 稽古 er træning, der omfatter både krop og sind, begrebet anvendes typisk indenfor Budo. (En direkte oversættelse af Keiko er "studiet af gamle ting!").

"Renshu" 練習 betyder fysisk træning, begrebet anvendes også indenfor andre aktiviteter end Budo.

Gasshuku

"Gasshuku" 合宿 er en udvidet træningssamling (træningslejr), der typisk strækker sig over længere tid.

Kojiki

Kojiki (Koujiki) betyder så meget som "Optegnelser af gamle begivenheder".

10. nov. 1868 - 26. apr. 1957

Karate-Dõ er Karatens rigtige brug, udført med den rette forståelse. Den der oprigtigt træner i denne Dõ og virkelig forstår Karate-Dõ bliver aldrig nemt trukket ind i en kamp.

Studerende af enhver kunstart, som klart indbefatter karate-dõ, må aldrig glemme at forædle sind og krop.

At vinde et hundrede sejre i et hundrede slag er ikke den største færdighed. At besejre fjenden, uden at kæmpe, er den største færdighed.

Gichin Funakoshi (1868 - 1957).

31. mar. 1927 - 24. jan. 1987

When Master Funakoshi arrived in Japan (from Okinawa) he was more than 50 years old and his students thought he executed his movements in a relaxed way due to his age. This relaxation is, in fact, fundamental. It is only nowadays that all is done with strength and this is actually a true contradiction.

Furthermore the evolution of competition in Karate is opposed to Karate-do ettiquette. Competition has resulted in the loss of many things in Karate-do.... but possibly, we may not have the right to criticize considering that we practiced it and now we have abandoned it! [Murakami Sensei originally trained in sports karate]. Competition, today, is not the result of practice, rather the result of practice for competition... and this is very different. A specific preparation is not pure practice!

Anyway, I believe that comparing Shotokai with other styles is not possible, because it truly is something completely different. It does not have competition as the objective, rather the liberation of body and spirit.

Tetsuji Murakami (1927 - 1987).

7. dec. 1912 – 8. jan 1981

"In our physical movements, there are those that are natural and others that are not. Through the practice of Karate-do, we can learn to differentiate between the two and also learn to acquire natural movements. We also learn of the power that nature endowed us with and how to use it, for a man has a great deal of hidden power of which he is not aware."

Shigeru Egami (1912 - 1981).

1913 – 1999

Udklip af: Foreword of Karate-Do Nyumon (Bog: Karate-Do Nyumon af Gichin Funakoshi, Dec. 1943)

Often in practicing the advanced kata, students concentrate too much on the order and continuity of the movements, without considering the effectiveness of each technique. In extreme cases, they may have the illusion that they have mastered the kata by simply memorizing the order of the movements. It should be clear that, in reality, one must practice both basic techniques and advanced kata, and that the study of basics takes on a new and deeper meaning after one experiences more complex practice.

In traditional kata such as Bassai, the difference between simply executing the movements in the correct order and performing the kata while taking maai into account is immediately apparent. If one imagines a real opponent and performs the kata while thinking of maai, a blending of hard and soft, quick and slow elements appear quite naturally. Then each movement of the hands and feet takes the shortest possible route.

Genshin [Motonobu] Hironishi (1913 – 1999)

15. juli 1964 -

Kiai kommer fra mellemgulvet op gennem kroppen, videre til munden og ud i forbindelse med en udånding . . . . . . Faktisk minder det om at hoste.

Karate som selvforsvar går ud på at komme ind på modstanderen, lave en masse ravage, og derefter trække sig tilbage igen. Karate grappling er til backup.

14. nov. 1889 - 23. maj 1952

”The karate that has been introduced to Tokyo is actually just a part of the whole. The fact that those who have learnt karate there feel it only consists of kicks & punches, and that throws & locks are only to be found in judo or jujutsu, can only be put down to a lack of understanding … Those who are thinking of the future of karate should have an open mind and strive to study the complete art”

Kenwa Mabuni, 1938

14. nov. 1889 - 5. apr. 1870

"Kumite is an actual fight using many basic styles of kata to grapple with the opponent".

25. apr. 1888 - 8. okt. 1953

"Through sparring practice one may identify the practical meaning of Kata."

Choki Motobu: "Kumite is an actual fight using many basic styles of kata to grapple with the opponent".

Gichin Funakoshi "Sparring does not exist apart from the kata but for the practice of the kata."

Chojin Miyagi: "Through sparring practice one may identify the practical meaning of kata."