Kata

  • Kata liste

    Træning af kata er en meget vigtig del af karate. Kata er en serie af teknikker, der udføres i en bestemt rækkefølge. For at kunne udføre en kata ordentlig, er det nødvendig at ens basis teknikker er i orden. Disse basis teknikker trænes via kihon programmet.

    Det er meget vigtig at ens forståelse for kata er tilstede. Dette kan være meget svært i starten, men efterhånden som man udvikler sig, bliver forståelsen og udførelsen af kata bedre.

    Kata indenfor Shotokai køres afslappet og harmonisk, med flydende og kontinuerlige bevægelser/teknikker. Der er ingen unødvendige stop og ophold under udførelsen. Shotokai kata er fuld af vitalitet og energi, både internt og eksternt. Kata er meditation i bevægelse.

     

    Kata

    Kanji

    Teknikker

    Taikyoku shodan

    太極初段

    20

    Taikyoku nidan

    太極二段

    20

    Taikyoku sandan

    太極三段

    20

    Taikyoku yondan

    太極四段

    20

    Taikyoku godan

    太極五段

    20

    Heian shodan

    平安初段

    21

    Heian nidan

    平安二段

    26

    Heian sandan

    平安三段

    20

    Heian yondan

    平安四段

    27

    Heian godan

    平安五段

    23

    Tekki shodan

    鉄騎初段

    29

    Tekki nidan

    鉄騎二段

    24

    Tekki sandan

    鉄騎三段

    36

    Bassai dai

    披塞大

    42

    Bassai sho

    披塞小

    27

    Kanku dai

    観空大

    65

    Kanku sho

    観空小

    48

    Jion

    慈恩

    47

    Empi

    燕飛

    37

    Hangetsu

    半月

    41

    Jitte

    十手

    24

    Ji'in

    慈陰

    35

    Gankaku

    岩鶴

    42

    Nijushiho

    二十四歩

    34

    Chinte

    珍手

    32

    Sochin

    壯鎭

    41

    Meikyo

    明鏡

    33

    Unsu

    雲手

    48

    Wankan

    王冠

    24

    Gojushiho sho

    五十四歩小

    65

    Gojushiho dai

    五十四歩大

    67

    Ten no Kata

    天の形

    -

     

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Nationale Gasshuku
International Gasshuku

When Master Funakoshi arrived in Japan (from Okinawa) he was more than 50 years old and his students thought he executed his movements in a relaxed way due to his age. This relaxation is, in fact, fundamental. It is only nowadays that all is done with strength and this is actually a true contradiction.

Furthermore the evolution of competition in Karate is opposed to Karate-do ettiquette. Competition has resulted in the loss of many things in Karate-do.... but possibly, we may not have the right to criticize considering that we practiced it and now we have abandoned it! [Murakami Sensei originally trained in sports karate]. Competition, today, is not the result of practice, rather the result of practice for competition... and this is very different. A specific preparation is not pure practice!

Anyway, I believe that comparing Shotokai with other styles is not possible, because it truly is something completely different. It does not have competition as the objective, rather the liberation of body and spirit.

Tetsuji Murakami (1927 - 1987).

"In our physical movements, there are those that are natural and others that are not. Through the practice of Karate-do, we can learn to differentiate between the two and also learn to acquire natural movements. We also learn of the power that nature endowed us with and how to use it, for a man has a great deal of hidden power of which he is not aware."

Shigeru Egami (1912 - 1981).

Udklip af: Foreword of Karate-Do Nyumon (Bog: Karate-Do Nyumon af Gichin Funakoshi, Dec. 1943)

Often in practicing the advanced kata, students concentrate too much on the order and continuity of the movements, without considering the effectiveness of each technique. In extreme cases, they may have the illusion that they have mastered the kata by simply memorizing the order of the movements. It should be clear that, in reality, one must practice both basic techniques and advanced kata, and that the study of basics takes on a new and deeper meaning after one experiences more complex practice.

In traditional kata such as Bassai, the difference between simply executing the movements in the correct order and performing the kata while taking maai into account is immediately apparent. If one imagines a real opponent and performs the kata while thinking of maai, a blending of hard and soft, quick and slow elements appear quite naturally. Then each movement of the hands and feet takes the shortest possible route.

Genshin [Motonobu] Hironishi (1913 – 1999)

Gichin Funakoshi

Karate-Dõ er Karatens rigtige brug, udført med den rette forståelse. Den der oprigtigt træner i denne Dõ og virkelig forstår Karate-Dõ bliver aldrig nemt trukket ind i en kamp.

Studerende af enhver kunstart, som klart indbefatter karate-dõ, må aldrig glemme at forædle sind og krop.

At vinde et hundrede sejre i et hundrede slag er ikke den største færdighed. At besejre fjenden, uden at kæmpe, er den største færdighed.

Gichin Funakoshi (1868 - 1957).

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